Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. You can also have prediabetes. This means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. Having prediabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes.
There Are Three Types Of Diabetes :
- Type-1 Diabetes
- Type-2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
1. Type-1 Diabetes :
Type-1 Diabetes can effect anyone, at any age. It is not caused by poor diet or unhealthy lifestyle.In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, eventually eliminating insulin production from the body. Without insulin, cells cannot absorb sugar (glucose), which they need to produce energy.In type 1 diabetes, the body makes little or no insulin due to an overactive immune system. So people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children and young adults but can also appear in older adults.
2. Type-2 Diabetes :
Type-2 Diabetes either don’t make enough insulin that the body can use properly. The cells in the body resistant to insulin, making greater amount of insulin necessary to keep blood glucose levels within a normal range.Eventually, the pancreas can wear out from producing extra insulin, it may start making less.It can usually be managed through diet, exercise, and self-monitoring blood glucose, at least in the first few years following diagnosis. However, type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, and most people will need to take tablets and inject insulin after living with it for five to 10 years.
3. Gestational Diabetes :
Some women may develop diabetes during pregnancy, which is called gestational diabetes. Being diagnosed with gestational diabetes doesn’t mean a woman had diabetes before or would continue to have diabetes after giving birth. A woman should follow her health care provider’s advice closely during pregnancy. In most cases, blood glucose returns to normal after pregnancy. However, women who have had gestational diabetes have a higher risk of eventually developing type 2 diabetes.
How Diabetes Effect Your body ??
Your Body Makes substance called antidiuretic hormone (ADH).It is Produced in a part of your brain called the hypothalamus. and stored in your pituitary gland.
- Endocrine, Excretory, and Digestive Systems
- Circulatory System
- Integumentary System
- Central Nervous System
- Reproductive System
Diabetes prevention is as basic as eating more healthfully, becoming more physically active and losing a few extra pounds. It’s never too late to start. Making a few simple changes in your lifestyle now may help you avoid the serious health complications of diabetes down the road, such as nerve, kidney and heart damage.
- Get more Physical Activity
- Get Plenty of Fiber
- Go for Whole grains
- Lose Extra Weight
- Skip fad Diets and just make healthier choices
- Managing Blood Pressure
- Managing cholesterol levels
- No Smoking
- Don’t take sugar and sweets
- Get Anti-Diabetes Medicines